Silicon (Si)

Pangkalahatang mga Katangian

Simbulo Si
Atomikong Bilang 14
Atomikong Bigat 28.0855
Grupo
14 (pamilya ng karbon)
IVB (IUPAC), IVA (CAS)
Solid, Diamagnetic, Semiconductor, Stable, Natural, Metalloid
Panahon 3
Bloke p

Pisikal na mga Katangian

Densidad 2.33 g/cm3
Atomikong Dami 12.1 cm3/mole
Atomikong Radius 1.32 angstroms
Covalent Radius 111 pm
Crust Abundance 27%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Gray

Enerhiya

Electronegativity 1.9 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 133.6 kJ/mol
Unang Ionization Energy 780 kJ/mol
ika2 Ionization Energy 1577.1 kJ/mol
ika3 Ionization Energy 3231.6 kJ/mol
ika4 Ionization Energy 4355.5 kJ/mol
ika5 Ionization Energy 16091 kJ/mol
ika6 Ionization Energy 19805 kJ/mol
ika7 Ionization Energy 23780 kJ/mol
ika8 Ionization Energy 29287 kJ/mol
ika9 Ionization Energy 33878 kJ/mol
ika10 Ionization Energy 38726 kJ/mol
ika11 Ionization Energy 45962 kJ/mol
ika12 Ionization Energy 50502 kJ/mol
ika13 Ionization Energy 235196 kJ/mol
ika14 Ionization Energy 257923 kJ/mol
Tiyak na Kapasidad ng Init 0.7 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 148.0 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron at Oksihenasyon

Mga estado ng Oksihenasyon ±4
Mga Elektron Kada Balat 2 8 4
Kumpigurasyon ng Elektron [Ne] 3s2 3p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2
Diagram na Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿ 
↿ 
 
3d
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive Hindi

Media

Planetary Bohr Model ng Silicon (Si)
Lewis Dot Diagram ng Silicon (Si)
Description
Amorphous form is brown power; crystalline form has gray metallic appearance. Seventh most abundant element in the universe. Second most plentiful element in the earths crust.
Uses
Used in glass as silicon dioxide (SiO2). Silicon carbide (SiC) is one of the hardest substances known and used in polishing. Also the crystalline form is used in semiconductors.
Sources
Makes up major portion of clay, granite, quartz (SiO2), and sand. Commercial production depends on a reaction between sand (SiO2) and carbon at a temperature of around 2200 °C.
Pronounciation (English)
SIL-i-ken

Mga Pagsasaibang-wika

Afrikaans Silikon (Kiesel †)
Aragonese Silizio
العربية سيلكون
Armãneashte Silitsiumu
asturianu Siliciu
azərbaycan dili Silisium
български Силиций
বাংলা সিলিকন
brezhoneg Silisiom
bosanski Silicij[um]
Byelorussian Крэмній
Cebuano Siliko
čeština Křemík
Chuvash Кремни
Cymraeg Silici
dansk Silicium
Deutsch Silizium
Ελληνικά Πυριτιο
English Silicon
esperanto Silicio
español Silicio
eesti Räni
euskara Silizioa
فارسی سیلیسیم
suomi Pii
føroyskt Silicium
français Silicium
furlan Silici
West-Frysk Silisium
Gaeilge Sileacón
Gàidhlig Sileacon
galego Silicio
ગુજરાતી સિલિકોન
Gaelg Shillagon
Hakka Chinese Si̍t (矽)
עברית צורן
हिन्दी सिलिकॉन
hrvatski Silicij
magyar Szilícium
հայերեն Սիլիցիում
Indonesia Silikon
íslenska Kísill
italiano Silicio
日本語 ヶィ素
ქართული სიცილიუმი
کٲشُر Krzém
қазақ тілі Кремний
한국어 규소
Kurdish Silisyum
Komi Кремний
kernewek Sylycon
кыргызча Кремний
Latin Silicium
Lëtzebuergesch Silizium
Lombard Silíci
lingála Siliki
lietuvių Silicis
latviešu Silīcijs
Mari Кремний
Maori Takawai
македонски Силициум
മലയാളം സിലിക്കണ്‍
монгол Цахиур
Мокшан Ктаем
Bahasa Melayu Silikon
Malti Silikon, ²Siliċju
Nahuatl Tecpatli
Nederlands Silicium, Kiezel†
norsk Silisium
Occitan Silici
ирон Кремний
polski Krzem
português Silício
Runasimi Ullayayaq, ²Silisyu
română Siliciu
русский Кремний
slovenčina Kremík
slovenščina Silicij
Samoan Silisimi
Samogitian Sėlėcis
shqip Silicium
српски Силицијум
Southern Sotho Silikone
svenska Kisel
Kiswahili Silikoni
தமிழ் சிலிக்கன்
Tajik Силитсий
ไทย ซิลิคอน
Türkçe Silisyum
ئۇيغۇرچە سىلىتسىي
українська Кремній
o‘zbek Kremniy
Tiếng Việt Silic
Võro Räni
中文

Kasaysayan

Nadiskubre Sa
1824
Nadiskubre Ni
Jöns Jacob Berzelius
Nadiskubre sa
Sweden
Pinagmulan ng Salita
From the Latin word "silicis" meaning "flint"