Scandium (Sc)

Pangkalahatang mga Katangian

Simbulo Sc
Atomikong Bilang 21
Atomikong Bigat 44.955912
Grupo
3 (pamilya ng scandium)
IIIA (IUPAC), IIIB (CAS)
Solid, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
Panahon 4
Bloke d

Pisikal na mga Katangian

Densidad 2.99 g/cm3
Atomikong Dami 15.0 cm3/mole
Atomikong Radius 1.62 angstroms
Covalent Radius 144 pm
Crust Abundance 0.0026%
Crystal Structure Hexagonal
Color Silver

Enerhiya

Electronegativity 1.4 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 18.1 kJ/mol
Unang Ionization Energy 633 kJ/mol
ika2 Ionization Energy 1235.0 kJ/mol
ika3 Ionization Energy 2388.6 kJ/mol
ika4 Ionization Energy 7090.6 kJ/mol
ika5 Ionization Energy 8843 kJ/mol
ika6 Ionization Energy 10679 kJ/mol
ika7 Ionization Energy 13310 kJ/mol
ika8 Ionization Energy 15250 kJ/mol
ika9 Ionization Energy 17370 kJ/mol
ika10 Ionization Energy 21726 kJ/mol
ika11 Ionization Energy 24102 kJ/mol
ika12 Ionization Energy 66320 kJ/mol
ika13 Ionization Energy 73010 kJ/mol
ika14 Ionization Energy 80160 kJ/mol
ika15 Ionization Energy 89490 kJ/mol
ika16 Ionization Energy 97400 kJ/mol
ika17 Ionization Energy 105600 kJ/mol
ika18 Ionization Energy 117000 kJ/mol
ika19 Ionization Energy 124270 kJ/mol
ika20 Ionization Energy 547530 kJ/mol
ika21 Ionization Energy 582163 kJ/mol
Tiyak na Kapasidad ng Init 0.568 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 15.8 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron at Oksihenasyon

Mga estado ng Oksihenasyon 3
Mga Elektron Kada Balat 2 8 9 2
Kumpigurasyon ng Elektron [Ar] 3d1 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d1 4s2
Diagram na Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿ 
 
 
 
 
4s
↿⇂
4p
 
 
 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive Hindi

Media

Planetary Bohr Model ng Scandium (Sc)
Description
Fairly soft, silvery-white metal. Eighth most abundant 'rare earth' found in the earth's crust (5.0 ppm).
Uses
Scandium metal is used in some aerospace applications. Scandum oxide (Sc2O3) is used in the manufacture of high-intensity electric lamps. Scandium iodide (ScI3) is used in lamps that produce light having a color closely matching natural sunlight.
Sources
Occurs mainly in the minerals thortveitile (~34% scandium) and wiikite. Also in some tin and tungsten ores. Pure scandium is obtained as a by-product of uranium refining.
Pronounciation (English)
SKAN-di-em

Mga Pagsasaibang-wika

Afrikaans Skandium
Aragonese Escandio
العربية سكانديوم
Armãneashte Scandiumu
asturianu Escandiu
azərbaycan dili Skandium
български Скандий
বাংলা স্ক্যান্ডিয়াম
brezhoneg Skandiom
bosanski Skandij[um]
Byelorussian Скандый
Cebuano Eskandyo
čeština Skandium
Chuvash Сканди
Cymraeg Escandi
dansk Scandium, Skandium
Deutsch Skandium
Ελληνικά Σκανdιο
English Scandium
esperanto Skandio
español Escandio
eesti Skandium
euskara Eskandioa
فارسی اسکاندیم
suomi Skandium
føroyskt Skandium
français Scandium
furlan Scandi
West-Frysk Scandium
Gaeilge Scaindiam
Gàidhlig Scaindiam
galego Escandio
ગુજરાતી સ્કૅનડિયમનો
Gaelg Scandjum
Hakka Chinese Khong (鈧)
עברית סקנדיום
हिन्दी स्काण्डियम
hrvatski Skandij
magyar Szkandium
հայերեն Սկանդիում
Indonesia Skandium
íslenska Skandín
italiano Scandio
日本語 スカンジウム
ქართული სკანდიუმი
کٲشُر Skónd
қазақ тілі Скандий
한국어 스칸듐
Kurdish Skandiyûm
Komi Скандий
kernewek Scandyum
кыргызча Скандий
Latin Scandium
Lëtzebuergesch Skandium
Lombard Scandi
lingála Sekandu
lietuvių Skandis
latviešu Skandijs
Mari Скандий
Maori Scandium
македонски Скандиум
മലയാളം സ്കാന്‍ഡിയം
монгол Сканди
Мокшан Сканди
Bahasa Melayu Skandium
Malti Skandju[m]
Nahuatl Escandio
Nederlands Scandium
norsk Scandium
Occitan Escandi
ирон Скандий
polski Skand
português Escândio
Runasimi Iskandyu
română Scandiu
русский Скандий
slovenčina Skandium
slovenščina Skandij
Samoan Skandimi
Samogitian Skandis
shqip Skandium, ²Scandiumi
српски Скандијум
Southern Sotho Skandiamo
svenska Skandium
Kiswahili Skandi
தமிழ் ஸ்கண்டியம்
Tajik Скандий
ไทย สแคนเดียม
Türkçe Skandiyum
ئۇيغۇرچە سكاندىي
українська Скандій
o‘zbek Skandiy
Tiếng Việt Scandi
Võro Skandium
中文

Kasaysayan

Nadiskubre Sa
1879
Nadiskubre Ni
Lars Fredrik Nilson
Nadiskubre sa
Sweden
Pinagmulan ng Salita
From the Latin word "Scandia" meaning "Scandinavia"