Oxygen (O)

Pangkalahatang mga Katangian

Simbulo O
Atomikong Bilang 8
Atomikong Bigat 15.9994
Grupo
16 (pamilya ng oksiheno)
VIB (IUPAC), VIA (CAS)
Gas, Paramagnetic, Stable, Natural, Nonmetal
Panahon 2
Bloke p

Pisikal na mga Katangian

Densidad 0.00143 g/cm3
Atomikong Dami 14.0 cm3/mole
Atomikong Radius 0.65 angstroms
Covalent Radius 73 pm
Crust Abundance 46%
Crystal Structure Cubic
Color Colorless

Enerhiya

Electronegativity 3.4 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 141 kJ/mol
Unang Ionization Energy 1314 kJ/mol
ika2 Ionization Energy 3388.3 kJ/mol
ika3 Ionization Energy 5300.5 kJ/mol
ika4 Ionization Energy 7469.2 kJ/mol
ika5 Ionization Energy 10989.5 kJ/mol
ika6 Ionization Energy 13326.5 kJ/mol
ika7 Ionization Energy 71330 kJ/mol
ika8 Ionization Energy 84078.0 kJ/mol
Tiyak na Kapasidad ng Init 0.92 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 0.2674 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron at Oksihenasyon

Mga estado ng Oksihenasyon -2
Mga Elektron Kada Balat 2 6
Kumpigurasyon ng Elektron [He] 2s2 2p4
1s2 2s2 2p4
Diagram na Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿ 
↿ 

Nuclear

Radioactive Hindi

Media

Planetary Bohr Model ng Oxygen (O)
Lewis Dot Diagram ng Oxygen (O)
Description
Colorless, odorless, tasteless gas; pale blue liquid. Third most abundant element in the universe. It is the most abundant element in the earth's crust, and makes up almost 21% of the atmosphere.
Uses
Used in steel making, welding, and supporting life. Naturally occuring ozone (O3) in the upper atmosphere shields the earth from ultraviolet radiation.
Sources
Obtained primarily from liquid air by fractional distillation. Small amounts are made in the laboratory by electrolysis of water or heating potassium chlorate (KClO3) with manganese dioxide (MnO2) catalyst.
Pronounciation (English)
OK-si-jen

Mga Pagsasaibang-wika

Afrikaans Suurstof
Aragonese Ocsichén
العربية أكسجين
Armãneashte Oxighenu
asturianu Oxíxenu
azərbaycan dili Oksigen
български Кислород
বাংলা অক্সিজেন
brezhoneg Oksigen
bosanski Kiseonik, ²Kisik
Byelorussian Кісларод
Cebuano Oxígeno
čeština Kyslík
Chuvash Йӳçлĕк
Cymraeg Oxygen
dansk Oxygen, Ilt
Deutsch Sauerstoff
Ελληνικά Οξυγονο
English Oxygen
esperanto Oksigeno
español Oxígeno
eesti Hapnik
euskara Oxigenoa
فارسی اکسیژن
suomi Happi
føroyskt Súrevni, Ilt
français Oxygène
furlan Ossigjen
West-Frysk Soerstof
Gaeilge Ocsaigin
Gàidhlig Ocsaigin
galego Osíxeno
ગુજરાતી ઑક્સીજન
Gaelg Ocsygien
Hakka Chinese Yòng (氧)
עברית חמצן
हिन्दी ऑक्सीजन
hrvatski Kisik
magyar Oxigén
հայերեն Թթվածին
Indonesia Oksigen
íslenska Súrefni, ²Ildi
italiano Ossigeno
日本語 酸素
ქართული ნახშირბადი
کٲشُر Krziseń
қазақ тілі Оттек
한국어 산소
Kurdish Oksîjen
Komi Шомвачужысь
kernewek Oxyjen
кыргызча Кычкылтек
Latin Oxygenium
Lëtzebuergesch Sauerstoff
Lombard Ussògen
lingála Oksijɛ́ní
lietuvių Deguonis
latviešu Skābeklis
Mari Шопештыш
Maori Hāora
македонски Кислород
മലയാളം ഓക്സിജന്‍
монгол Хүчилтөрөгч
Мокшан Шапам, Шапа кожф
Bahasa Melayu Oksigen
Malti Oksiġin, ²Ossiġenu
Nahuatl Ehēcayoh
Nederlands Zuurstof
norsk Oksygen
Occitan Oxigèn
ирон Туаггуыр
polski Tlen
português Oxigénio
Runasimi Muksichaq, ²Wayay, ³Uksihinu
română Oxigen
русский Кислород
slovenčina Kyslík
slovenščina Kisik
Samoan Swaskotriki
Samogitian Degounis
shqip Oksigjen
српски Кисеоник
Southern Sotho Okesejene
svenska Syre
Kiswahili Oksijeni
தமிழ் ஒட்சிசன்
Tajik Оксиген
ไทย ออกซิเจน
Türkçe Oksijen
ئۇيغۇرچە ئوكسىگېن
українська Кисень
o‘zbek Kislorod
Tiếng Việt Oxy, Oxi
Võro Hapasnik
中文

Kasaysayan

Nadiskubre Sa
1774
Nadiskubre Ni
Joseph Priestley, Carl Scheele
Nadiskubre sa
England, Sweden
Pinagmulan ng Salita
From the Greek words "oxy genes" meaning "acid" (sharp) and "forming" (acid former)