Lithium (Li)

Pangkalahatang mga Katangian

Simbulo Li
Atomikong Bilang 3
Atomikong Bigat 6.941
Grupo
1 (alkali na mga metal o pamilya ng haydrodyen/pamilya ng lithium)
IA (IUPAC), IA (CAS)
Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, Alkali Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
Panahon 2
Bloke s

Pisikal na mga Katangian

Densidad 0.543 g/cm3
Atomikong Dami 13.1 cm3/mole
Atomikong Radius 1.55 angstroms
Covalent Radius 134 pm
Crust Abundance 0.0017%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Body centered
Color Silver

Enerhiya

Electronegativity 1.0 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 59.6 kJ/mol
Unang Ionization Energy 520 kJ/mol
ika2 Ionization Energy 7298.1 kJ/mol
ika3 Ionization Energy 11815.0 kJ/mol
Tiyak na Kapasidad ng Init 3.582 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 84.7 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron at Oksihenasyon

Mga estado ng Oksihenasyon 1
Mga Elektron Kada Balat 2 1
Kumpigurasyon ng Elektron [He] 2s1
1s2 2s1
Diagram na Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿ 
2p
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive Hindi

Media

Planetary Bohr Model ng Lithium (Li)
Lewis Dot Diagram ng Lithium (Li)
Description
Soft silvery-white metal. Lightest of metals. Accounts for only 0.0007% of the earth's crust.
Uses
Used in batteries. Also for certain kinds of glass and ceramics. Some is used in lubricants.
Sources
Obtained by passing electric charge through melted lithium chloride and from the silicate mineral called spodumene [LiAl(Si2O6)].
Pronounciation (English)
LITH-i-em

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Kasaysayan

Nadiskubre Sa
1817
Nadiskubre Ni
Johan August Arfvedson
Nadiskubre sa
Stockholm, Sweden
Pinagmulan ng Salita
From the Greek word "lithos" meaning "stone"