Potassium (K)

Pangkalahatang mga Katangian

Simbulo K
Atomikong Bilang 19
Atomikong Bigat 39.0983
Grupo
1 (alkali na mga metal o pamilya ng haydrodyen/pamilya ng lithium)
IA (IUPAC), IA (CAS)
Solid, Conductor, Alkali Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
Panahon 4
Bloke s

Pisikal na mga Katangian

Densidad 0.86 g/cm3
Atomikong Dami 45.3 cm3/mole
Atomikong Radius 2.35 angstroms
Covalent Radius 196 pm
Crust Abundance 1.5%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Body centered
Color Silver

Enerhiya

Electronegativity 0.8 (Pauling Scale)
Electron Affinity 48.4 kJ/mol
Unang Ionization Energy 419 kJ/mol
ika2 Ionization Energy 3052 kJ/mol
ika3 Ionization Energy 4420 kJ/mol
ika4 Ionization Energy 5877 kJ/mol
ika5 Ionization Energy 7975 kJ/mol
ika6 Ionization Energy 9590 kJ/mol
ika7 Ionization Energy 11343 kJ/mol
ika8 Ionization Energy 14944 kJ/mol
ika9 Ionization Energy 16963.7 kJ/mol
ika10 Ionization Energy 48610 kJ/mol
ika11 Ionization Energy 54490 kJ/mol
ika12 Ionization Energy 60730 kJ/mol
ika13 Ionization Energy 68950 kJ/mol
ika14 Ionization Energy 75900 kJ/mol
ika15 Ionization Energy 83080 kJ/mol
ika16 Ionization Energy 93400 kJ/mol
ika17 Ionization Energy 99710 kJ/mol
ika18 Ionization Energy 444880 kJ/mol
ika19 Ionization Energy 476063 kJ/mol
Tiyak na Kapasidad ng Init 0.757 J g−1 K−1
Thermal Conductivity 102.5 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron at Oksihenasyon

Mga estado ng Oksihenasyon 1
Mga Elektron Kada Balat 2 8 8 1
Kumpigurasyon ng Elektron [Ar] 4s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1
Diagram na Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
 
 
 
 
 
4s
↿ 
4p
 
 
 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioactive Hindi

Media

Planetary Bohr Model ng Potassium (K)
Lewis Dot Diagram ng Potassium (K)
Description
Soft, waxy, silver-white metal. Eighth most abundant element in the earth's crust (20,900 ppm). Occurs only in compounds.
Uses
Used as potash in making glass & soap. Also as saltpeter, potassium nitrate (KNO3) to make explosives and to color fireworks in mauve. Formerly called kalium (K). Vital to function of nerve and muscle tissures.
Sources
Found in minerals like carnallite [(KMgCl3).6H2O] & sylvite (potassium chloride, KCL). Pure metal is produced by the reaction of hot potassium chloride and sodium vapors in a special retort.
Pronounciation (English)
pe-TASS-i-em

Mga Pagsasaibang-wika

Afrikaans Kalium
Aragonese Potasio
العربية بوتاسيوم
Armãneashte Caliumu
asturianu Potasiu
azərbaycan dili Kalium
български Калий
বাংলা পটাসিয়াম
brezhoneg Potasiom
bosanski Kalij[um]
Byelorussian Калій
Cebuano Potasio
čeština Draslík
Chuvash Кали
Cymraeg Potassi
dansk Kalium
Deutsch Kalium
Ελληνικά Καλιο
English Potassium
esperanto Kalio
español Potasio
eesti Kaalium
euskara Potasioa
فارسی پتاسیم
suomi Kalium
føroyskt Kalium
français Potassium
furlan Potassi
West-Frysk Kalium
Gaeilge Potaisiam
Gàidhlig Potaisiam
galego Potasio
ગુજરાતી પોટૅશિયમનો
Gaelg Potashum
Hakka Chinese Kap (鉀)
עברית אשלגן
हिन्दी पोटैशियम
hrvatski Kalij
magyar Kálium
հայերեն Կալիում
Indonesia Kalium
íslenska Kalín
italiano Potassio
日本語 カリウム
ქართული კალიუმი
کٲشُر Kali
қазақ тілі Калий
한국어 칼륨, 2포타슘
Kurdish Qelye
Komi Калий
kernewek Calyum
кыргызча Калий
Latin Kalium
Lëtzebuergesch Kalium
Lombard Putàss
lingála Potasu
lietuvių Kalis
latviešu Kālijs
Mari Калий
Maori Konurehu
македонски Калиум
മലയാളം പൊട്ടാസ്യം
монгол Кали
Мокшан Кали
Bahasa Melayu Kalium
Malti Potassju[m]
Nahuatl Potasio
Nederlands Kalium
norsk Kalium
Occitan Potassi
ирон Калий
polski Potas
português Potássio
Runasimi Kalyu
română Potasiu, ²Kaliu
русский Калий
slovenčina Draslík
slovenščina Kalij
Samoan Kalimi
Samogitian Kalis
shqip Kalium
српски Калијум
Southern Sotho Potassiamo
svenska Kalium
Kiswahili Kali
தமிழ் பொட்டாசியம்
Tajik Калий
ไทย โพแทสเซียม
Türkçe Potasyum
ئۇيغۇرچە كالىي
українська Калій
o‘zbek Kaliy
Tiếng Việt Kali
Võro Kaalium
中文

Kasaysayan

Nadiskubre Sa
1807
Nadiskubre Ni
Sir Humphrey Davy
Nadiskubre sa
England
Pinagmulan ng Salita
From the English word "potash" (pot ashes) and the Arabic word "qali" meaning alkali (the origin of the symbol K comes from the Latin word "kalium")